MOJ Header

Current Issue - November 2017, Volume 11, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

A Prospective Study to Evaluate the Management of Sub-trochanteric Femur Fractures with Long Proximal Femoral Nail


  1. Bedi A, Toan Le T. Subtrochanteric femur fractures. Orthop Clin North Am. 2004; 35(4): 473-83.
  2. Lavelle DG. Fractures and dislocations of the hip. In: Canale ST, James H, editors. Campbell’s Operative Orthopaedics. 11th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2008. 3237-308.
  3. Mclaunn TM, Lawler EA. Treatment modalities for subtrochanteric fractures in elderly. Techniques in Orthopaedics. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Inc.; 2004. 197-213.
  4. Zhou ZB, Chen S, Gao YS, Sun YQ, Zhang CQ, Jiang Y. Subtrochanteric femur fracture treated by intramedullary fixation. Chin J Traumatol. 2015; 18(6): 336-41.
  5. Bucholz RW, Heckman JD, Court-Brown CM, Tornetta P. Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Inc.; 2006. 1827-44.
  6. Kregor PJ, Obremskey WT, Kreder HJ, Swiontkowski MF; Evidance-Based Orthopaedic Trauma Working Group. Unstable pertrochanteric femoral fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2005; 19(1): 63-6.
  7. Yoon RS, Donegan DJ, Liporace FA. Reducing subtrochanteric femur fractures: tips and tricks, do’s and don’ts. J Orthop Trauma. 2015; 29(4): 28-33.
  8. Jiang LS, Shen L, Dai LY. Intramedullary fixation of subtrochanteric fractures with long proximal femoral nail or long gamma nail: technical notes and preliminary results. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007; 36(10): 821-6.
  9. Verley GW, Milner SA. Wound drains in proximal femur fractures surgery: a randomized prospective trial of 177 patients. J R Soc Med. 1995; 88(1): 42-4.
  10. DeLee JC, Clanton TO, Rockwood CA Jr. Closed treatment of subtrochanteric fractures of the femur in a modified cast-brace. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981; 63(5): 773-9.
  11. Redford PJ, Needoff M, Webb JK. A prospective randomized comparison of the dynamic hip screw and the gamma locking nail. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1993; 75(5): 789-93.
  12. Tyllianakis M, Panagopoulos A, Papadopoulos A, Papasimos S, Mousafiris K. Treatment of extracapsular hip fractures with the proximal femoral nail (PFN): long term results in 45 patients. Acta Orthop Belg. 2004; 70(5): 444-54.
  13. Boldin C, Seibert FJ, Fankhauser F, Peicha G, Grechening W, Szyszkowitz R. The proximal femoral nail (PFN)--a minimal invasive treatment of unstable proximal femoral fractures: a prospective study of 55 patients with a follow-up 15 months. Acta Orthop Scand. 2003: 74(1); 53-8.
  14. Yadav S, Sinha S, Luther E, Arora NC, Prasad M, Varma R. Comparison of extramedullary and intramedullary devices for treatment of subtrochanteric femoral fractures at tertiary level center. Chin J Traumatol. 2014; 17(3): 141-5.
  15. El-Mowafi HM, Eid TA, El-Sayed AS, Zalalo SH. Fixation of subtrochanteric fracture femur using a proximal femoral nail. Menoufia Med J. 2014; 27: 208-14.
  16. Werner-Tutschku W, Lajtai G, Schmiedhuber G, Lang T, Pirkl C, Orthner E. [Intra- and perioperative complications in the stabilization of per- and subtrochanteric femoral fractures by means of PFN]. Unfallchirurg. 2002; 105(10): 881-5.
  17. Strauss EJ, Kummer FJ, Koval KJ, Egol KA. The “Z-effect” phenomenon defined: a laboratory study. J Orthop Res. 2007; 25(12): 1568-73.
  18. Simmermacher RKJ, Bosch AM, Vander Werken C. The AO/ASIF-proximal femoral nail (PFN): a new device for the treatment of unstable proximal femoral fractures. Injury. 1999; 30(5): 327-32.

Abstract   |   Reference

MOJ footer

About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

Keep in Touch

creative-commons License