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Current Issue - November 2018, Volume 12, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Risk of Axillary Nerve Injury in Standard Anterolateral Approach of Shoulder: Cadaveric Study


  1. Apaydin N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Duparc F. Review of the surgical anatomy of the axillary nerve and the anatomic basis of its iatrogenic and traumatic injury. Surg Radiol Anat. 2010; 32(3): 193-201. doi: 10.1007/s00276-009-0594-8
  2. Burkhead WZ, Scheinberg RR, Box G. Surgical anatomy of the axillary nerve. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 1992; 1(1): 31-6. doi: 10.1016/S1058-2746(09)80014-1
  3. Abbott LC, John B, Saunders M, Hagey H, Jones Jr EW. Surgical approaches to the shoulder joint. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1949; 31(2): 235-55.
  4. Cetik O, Uslu M, Acar HI, Comert A, Tekdemir I, Cift H. Is there a safe area for the axillary nerve in the deltoid muscle? A cadaveric study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006; 88(11): 2395-9.
  5. Vathana P, Chiarapattanakom P, Ratanalaka R, Vorasatit P. The relationship of the axillary nerve and the acromion. J Med Assoc Thai. 1998; 81(12): 953-7.
  6. Wrete M. The sensory pathways from the shoulder joint. J Neurosurg. 1949; 6(5): 351-60.
  7. Zlotolow DA, Catalano LW, Barron AO, Glickel SZ. Surgical exposures of the humerus. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006; 14(13) 754-65.
  8. Gardner MJ, Boraiah S, Helfet DL, Lorich DG. The anterolateral acromial approach for fractures of the proximal humerus. J Orthop Trauma. 2008; 22(2): 132-7. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e3181589f8c
  9. Perlmutter GS. Axillary nerve injury. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999; (368): 28-36.
  10. Scully WF, Wilson DJ, Parada SA, Arrington ED. Iatrogenic nerve injuries in shoulder surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2013; 21(12): 717-26.
  11. Steinmann SP, Moran EA. Axillary nerve injury: diagnosis and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2001; 9(5): 328-35.
  12. Zhang J, Moore AE, Stringer MD. Iatrogenic upper limb nerve injuries: a systematic review. ANZ J Surg. 2011; 81(4): 227-36.
  13. Traver JL, Guzman MA, Cannada LK, Kaar SG. Is the axillary nerve at risk during a deltoid-splitting approach for proximal humerus fractures? J Orthop Trauma. 2016; 30(5): 240-4.

Abstract   |   Reference

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About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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