MOJ Header

Current Issue - March 2019, Volume 13, Issue No. 1

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Outcome of Islanded Gastrocnemius Musculocutaneous Flap in Orthopaedic Practice


  1. Pu LLQ. Soft-tissue coverage of an extensive mid-tibial wound with the combined medial gastrocnemius and medial hemisoleus muscle flaps: the role of local muscle flaps revisited. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010; 63(8): e605-10.
  2. Ger R. Muscle transposition for treatment and prevention of chronic post-traumatic osteomyelitis of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1977; 59(6): 784-91.
  3. McCraw JB, Fishman JH, Sharzer LA. The versatile gastrocnemius myocutaneous flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1978; 62(1): 15-23.
  4. Mathes SJ, Nahai F. Classification of the vascular anatomy of muscles: experimental and clinical correlation. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1981; 67(2): 177-87.
  5. Kim HH, Jeung JH, Seul JH, Cho BC. New design and identification of the medial sural perforator flap: An anatomical study and its clinical applications. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006: 117(5): 1609-18.
  6. Hallock GG. Anatomic basis of the gastrocnemius perforator-based flap. Ann Pals Surg. 2001; 47(5): 517-22.
  7. Arnold PG, Mixter RC. Making the most of the gastrocnemius muscles. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1983; 72: 38-48.
  8. Lamaris GA, Carlisle MP, Durand P, Couto RA, Hendrickson MF. Maximizing the reach of the pedicled gastrocnemius muscle flap: a comparison of 2 surgical approaches. Ann Plast Surg. 2017; 78(3): 342-6.
  9. Cheng HH, Rong GW, Yin TC, Wang HY, Jiao YC. Coverage of wounds in the distal lower leg by advancement of an enlarge medial gastrocnemius skin flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1984; 73(4): 676-7.
  10. Chung YJ, Kim G, Sohn BK. Reconstruction of a lower extremity soft tissue defect using the gastrocnemius musculoadipofascial flap. Ann Plast Surg. 2002; 49(1): 91-5.
  11. Calderon WL, Llanos SA, Rodriguez-Pena A, Searle SV, Calderon S. Cutaneous island with V-Y closure over a gastrocnemius muscle flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006; 118(1): 301-2. doi 10.1097/01.prs.0000222250.73529.29
  12. Daigeler A, Drucke D, Tatar K, Homann H, Goertz O, Tilkorn D, et al. The pedicled gastrocnemius muscle flap: a review of 218 cases. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009; 123(1): 250-7.
  13. Pico R, Luscher NJ, Rometch M, de RocheR. Why the denervated gastrocnemius muscle flap should be encouraged. Ann Plast Surg. 1991; 26(4): 312-24.
  14. Gonzalez MH, Weinzweig N. Muscle flaps in the treatment of osteomyelitis. J Trauma. 2005; 58(5): 1019-23.
  15. Tulner SAV, Schaap GR, Strackee SD, Besselaar PP, Luitse JSK, Marti RK. Long term result of multiple stage treatment for posttraumatic osteomyelitis of tibia. J Trauma. 2004; 56(3): 633-42.
  16. Tetreault MW, Della Valle CJ, Hellman MD, Wysocki RW. Medial gastrocnemius flap in the course of treatment for an infection at the site of a total knee arthroplasty. JBJS Essent Surg Tech. 2017: 7(2):e14. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.ST.17.00005

Abstract   |   Reference

MOJ footer

About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

Keep in Touch

creative-commons License