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Current Issue - November 2019, Volume 13, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Predictive Factors of Major Lower Extremity Amputations in Diabetic Foot Infections: A Cross-sectional Study at District Hospital in Malaysia


Introduction: Diabetic foot infection, a complication which can lead to lower limb amputation, is a major source of morbidity and mortality in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine the predictive factors of major lower limb amputation among patients with diabetes mellitus in a cluster of three district hospitals in Pahang, Malaysia.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 170 patients who had undergone surgical interventions for diabetic foot infections at three district hospitals from 1st of September 2014 to 31st December 2015. The predictors for major amputation of lower limb were determined using simple logistic regression (LR) and forward LR multiple logistic regression.

Results: A total of 21 patients had undergone major amputations of lower limb (15 transtibial and 6 transfemoral). The following factors were associated with major amputation of lower limb; longer duration of disease, age ≥ 60 years, patients from Bentong Hospital, presence of hypertension, presence of fever, history of multiple limbsalvaging surgeries, monomicrobial culture, necrotizing fasciitis, anemia and leukocytosis. Upon forward LR multiple logistic regression, only duration of disease, history of more than three previous limb-salvaging surgeries and total white blood cell count ≥15X109/L were found to be significant as predictive factors of major amputation of lower limb.

Conclusion: Among the factors analysed in this study, a longer duration of disease, raised total white blood cell count and history of more than three limb-salvaging surgeries were identified as predictors for major amputation of lower limb in diabetic foot infections using stepwise logistic regression analysis.

Abstract   |   Reference

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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