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Current Issue - November 2019, Volume 13, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Arthrofibrosis Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction


  1. Gianotti SM, Marshall SW, Hume PA, Bunt L. Incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury and other knee ligament injuries: a national population-based study. J Sci Med Sport. 2009; 12(6): 622-7.
  2. Janssen KW, Orchard JW, Driscoll TR, van Mechelen W. High incidence and costs for anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed in Australia from 2003-2004 to 2007-2008: time for an anterior cruciate ligament register by Scandinavian model?. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012; 22(40): 495-501.
  3. Buller LT, Best MJ, Baraga MG, Kaplan LD. Trends in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the United States. Orthop J Sports Med. 2019; 3(1): 2325967114563664.
  4. St. Pierre P. Complications of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery. Sports Medic and Arthrosc. 2004; 1293): 185-95
  5. Vergis A, Gillquist J. Graft failure in intra-articular anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions: a review of the literature. Arthroscopy. 1995;11(3): 312-21.
  6. Matava MJ, Evans TA, Wright RW, Shively RA. Septic arthritis of the knee following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: results of a survey of sports medicine fellowship directors. Arthroscopy. 1998; 14(7): 717-25.
  7. Jaureguito JW, Greenwald AE, Wilcox JF, Paulos LE, Rosenberg TD. The incidence of deep venous thrombosis after arthroscopic knee surgery. Am J Sports Med. 1999;27(6): 707-10.
  8. Finsterbush A, Frankl U, Matan Y, Mann G. Secondary Damage to the Knee after Isolated Injury of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Am J Sports Med. 1990; 18(5): 475-9.
  9. Sprague NF, O’Connor RL,Fox JM. Arthroscopic Treatment of Postoperative Fibroarthrosis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1982; (166): 165-72.
  10. Shelbourne KD, Wilckens JH, Mollabashy A, DeCarlo M. Arthrofibrosis in Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. The Effect of Timing of Reconstruction and Rehabilitation. Am J Sports Med. 1991;19(4): 332-6.
  11. Noyes FR, Berrios-Torres S, Barber-Westin SD, Heckman TP. Prevention of permanent arthrofibrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction alone or combined with associated procedures: a prospective study in 443 knees. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2000; 8(4): 196-206.
  12. Ekhtiari S, Horner NS, SA D, Simunovic N, Hirschmann MT, Ogilvie R, et al. Arthrofibrosis after ACL reconstruction is best treated in a step-wise approach with early recognition and intervention: a systematic review. Knee Surgery Sports Trauma Arthosc. 2017; 25(12): 3929-37.
  13. Shelbourne KD, Payel DV, Martini DJ. Classification and management of arthrofibrosis of the knee after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 1996; 24(6): 857-62.
  14. Mayr HO, Weig TG, Plitz W. Arthrofibrosis following ACL reconstruction--reasons and outcome. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2004; 124(8): 518-22.
  15. Wasilewski SA, Covall DJ, Cohen S. Effect of surgical timing on recovery and associated injuries after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 1993; 21(3): 338-42.
  16.  Quelard B, Sonnery-Cottet B, Zayni R. Preoperative Factors Correlating with Prolonged Range of Motion Deficit after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2010.
  17. Cosgarea AJ, Sebastianelli WJ, DeHaven KE. Prevention of arthrofibrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the central third patellar tendon autograft. Am J Sports Med. 1995; 23(1): 87-92.
  18. Shelbourne KD, Nitz P. Accelerated rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 1990; 18(3): 292-9.
  19. Spindler KP, Kuhn JE, Freedman KB, Matthews CE, Dittus RS, Harell FE Jr. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction autograft choice: Bone-tendon-bone versus hamstring: Does it really matter? A systematic review. Am J Sports Med. 2004; 32(8): 1986- 95.
  20. Johnson DL, Bealle DP, Brand JC Jr. Nyland J, Caborn DN. The effect of a geographic lateral bone bruise on knee inflammation after acute anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Am J Sports Med. 2000; 28(2): 152-5.

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About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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