Surgical Fixation and Inter-phalangeal Arthrodesis of Symptomatic Non-union of Fracture of a Lesser Toe Distal Phalanx: A Case Report
Distal phalanx fractures of the toes are common injuries. The majority of them are treated conservatively with good outcome. We present the case of a painful non-union fracture of the distal phalanx of the 4th toe in a 60-year-old female patient with symphalangism of the 4th and 5th toes. She underwent surgical fixation of the fracture with concomitant inter-phalangeal joint (IPJ) arthrodesis for better stability. A transverse dorsal incision was made just distal to the IPJ to allow preparation of both the fracture site and IPJ. Fibrous tissue at the fracture non-union site was removed and the opposing surfaces drilled with a 0.88mm Kwire. Cartilaginous tissue at the IPJ was removed and similarly drilled with the 0.88mm K-wire. Stabilisation was achieved with a percutaneous headless compression screw. Radiographic union was achieved and the patient had resolution of symptoms 16 weeks after the surgery. The patient continued to be symptom-free at one year follow-up. This is the first case report of a surgically treated symptomatic non-union of distal phalanx fracture of a lesser toe in the literature.
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