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Ahead of Print Issue - July 2021, Volume 15, Issue No. 2

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Angular Deformities of the Knee in Children Treated with Guided Growth


  1. Boero S, Michelis MB, Riganti S. Use of the eight-Plate for angular correction of knee deformities due to idiopathic and pathologic physis: initiating treatment according to etiology. J Child Orthop. 2011; 5(3): 209-16. doi: 10.1007/s11832-011-0344-4
  2. Castaneda P, Urquhart B, Sullivan E, Haynes RJ. Hemiepiphysiodesis for the correction of angular deformity about the knee. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008; 28(2): 188-91. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181653ade
  3. Wiemann JM 4th, Tryon C, Szalay EA. Physeal stapling versus 8-plate hemiepiphysiodesis for guided correction of angular deformity about the knee. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009; 29(5): 481-5. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181aa24a8.
  4. Goldman V, Green DW. Advances in growth plate modulation for lower extremity malalignment (knock knees and bow legs). Curr Opin Pediatr. 2010; 22(1): 47-53. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0b013e328334a600
  5. Saran N, Rathjen KE. Guided growth for the correction of pediatric lower limb angular deformity. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2010; 18(9): 528-36. doi: 10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004
  6. Khoury JG, Tavares JO, McConnell S, Zeiders G, Sanders JO. Results of screw epiphysiodesis for the treatment of limb length discrepancy and angular deformity. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007; 27(6): 623-8. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e318093f4f4
  7. Mielke CH, Stevens PM. Hemiepiphyseal stapling for knee deformities in children younger than 10 years: a preliminary report. J Pediatr Orthop. 1996; 16(4): 423-9. doi: 10.1097/00004694-199607000-00002
  8. Klatt J, Stevens PM. Guided growth for fixed knee flexion deformity. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008; 28(6): 626-31. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e318183d573
  9. Stevens PM, Klatt JB. Guided growth for pathological physes: radiographic improvement during realignment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008; 28(6): 632-9. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181841fda
  10. Stevens PM, Maguire M, Dales MD, Robins AJ. Physeal stapling for idiopathic genu valgum. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999; 19(5): 645-9.
  11. Stevens PM. Guided growth: 1933 to the present. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2006; 1(1): 29-35. doi: 10.1007/s11751-006-0003-3
  12. Stevens PM. Guided growth for angular correction: a preliminary series using a tension band plate. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007; 27(3): 253-9. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e31803433a1
  13. Stevens PM, Pease F. Hemiepiphysiodesis for posttraumatic tibial valgus. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006; 26(3): 385-92. doi: 10.1097/01.bpo.0000206515.84577.70
  14. El-Sobky TA, Samir S, Mostafa MM, Fayyad TA, Mahran MA, Aly AS, et al. Growth modulation for knee coronal plane deformities in children with nutritional rickets: a prospective series with treatment algorithm. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2020; 4(1): e19.00009. doi: 10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-19-00009
  15. Wang KK, Novacheck TF, Rozumalski A, Georgiadis AG. Anterior guided growth of the distal femur for knee flexion contracture: clinical, radiographic, and motion analysis results. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019; 39(5): e360-5. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001312
  16. Burghardt RD, Herzenberg JE. Temporary hemiepiphysiodesis with the eight-Plate for angular deformities: mid-term results. J Orthop Sci. 2010; 15(5): 699-704. doi: 10.1007/s00776-010-1514-9
  17. Ballal MS, Bruce CE, Nayagam S. Correcting genu varum and genu valgum in children by guided growth: temporary hemiepiphysiodesis using tension band plates. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010; 92(2): 273-6. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.92B2.22937
  18. Danino B, Rodl R, Herzenberg JE, Shabtai L, Grill F, Narayanan U, et al. Guided growth: preliminary results of a multinational study of 967 physes in 537 patients. J Child Orthop. 2018; 12(1): 91-6. doi: 10.1302/1863-2548.12.170050
  19. Danino B, Rödl R, Herzenberg J, Shabtai L, Grill F, Narayanan U, et al. Growth modulation in idiopathic angular knee deformities: is it predictable? J Child Orthop. 2019; 13(3): 318-23.
  20. Zajonz D, Schumann E, Wojan M, Kubler FB, Josten C, Buhligen U, et al. Treatment of genu valgum in children by means of temporary hemiepiphysiodesis using eight-plates: short-term findings. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017; 18: 456. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1823-7
  21. Shabtai L, Herzenberg JE. Limits of Growth Modulation Using Tension Band Plates in the Lower Extremities. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016; 24(10): 691-701. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-14-00234
  22. Heflin JA, Ford S, Stevens P. Guided growth for tibia vara (Blount's disease). Medicine (Baltimore). 2016; 95(41): e4951. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000004951
  23. Schroerlucke S, Bertrand S, Clapp J, Bundy J, Gregg FO. Failure of Orthofix eight-Plate for the treatment of Blount disease. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009; 1(1): 57-60. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181919b54
  24. Burghardt RD, Specht SC, Herzenberg JE. Mechanical failures of eight-plate guided growth system for temporary hemiepiphysiodesis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010; 30(6): 594-7. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181e4f591
  25. Hosseinzadeh P, Ross DR, Walker JL, Talwalkar VR, Iwinski HJ, Milbrandt TA. Three methods of guided growth for pediatric lower extremity angular deformity correction. Iowa Orthop J. 2016; 36: 123-7.
  26. Lee HJ, Oh CW, Song KS, Kyung HS, Min WK, Park BC. Guided growth with a noncannulated screw-plate system for angular deformity of the knee: a preliminary report. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2012; 21(4): 339-47. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e3283547198
  27. Lin TY, Kao HK, Li WC, Yang WE, Chang CH. Guided growth by a stainless-steel tubular plate. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2013; 22(4): 306-10. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32835bc42d
  28. Leveille LA, Razi O, Johnston CE. Rebound Deformity After Growth Modulation in Patients With Coronal Plane Angular Deformities About the Knee: Who Gets It and How Much? J Pediatr Orthop. 2019; 39(7): 353-8. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000935

Abstract   |   Reference

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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