Femoral Neck Non-union Treated using Compression Screw with or without Gluteus Medius Trochanteric Flap: A Case Series of Ten patients
Non-union is a challenging complication following a femoral neck fracture. Inability to achieve anatomical reduction and compression over the fracture leads to non-union. We reported a 10-case series of femoral neck non-union treated with sliding compression screw and anti-rotational screw with or without gluteus medius local trochanteric flap. When compression could not be achieved and a gap was present over the non-union site, a gluteus medius trochanteric flap was used to enhance the union. Surgeries were performed as a single-stage procedure through the Watson Jones approach. The initial implants were removed, followed by fracture reduction, during which the varus deformity was corrected, and the neck length was preserved as much as possible. Patients were advised for strict non-weight bearing until the presence of trabecular bone crossing the fracture on the radiographs. Union was achieved at three months in all cases. Patients undergoing surgery without trochanteric flap had normal abduction strength, and the neck length was maintained. All cases had no significant loss of function. Patients with trochanteric myo-osseous flap had neck shortening with weak abductors with MRC grade 4. Two out of 10 cases developed avascular necrosis of the femoral head before intervention. One case progressed to collapse of the femoral head requiring implant removal. This and the femoral neck shortening, caused this patient to have weak abductors and a positive Trendelenburg gait. We observed that delayed surgery leads to neck shortening and fracture gap requiring trochanteric myo-osseous flap to achieve union.
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