Pre-operative Halo-Pelvic Traction for Neurofibromatosis Patients with Severe Proximal Thoracic Spinal Deformity: Indications and Early Treatment Outcome
Introduction: To report the indications and early treatment outcomes of pre-operative halo-pelvic traction in patients with neurofibromatosis associated with severe proximal thoracic (PT) spinal deformity.
Materials and methods: We reviewed four patients with neurofibromatosis with severe PT spinal deformity. Case 1, a 16-year-old male presented with severe PT kyphoscoliosis (scoliosis: 89°, kyphosis: 124°) and thoracic myelopathy. Case 2 was a 14-year-old, skeletally immature male who presented with a PT lordoscoliosis (scoliosis: 85°). Case 3, a 13-year-old male, presented with severe PT kyphoscoliosis (scoliosis: 100°, kyphosis: 95°). Case 4, a 35-year-old gentleman, presented with severe PT kyphoscoliosis (scoliosis: 113°, kyphosis: 103°) and thoracic myelopathy. All patients underwent pre-operative halo-pelvic traction. After a period of traction, all patients underwent posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with autologous bone grafts (local and fibula bone grafts) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2).
Results: Both patients with thoracic myelopathy regained near normal neurological status after halo-pelvic traction. Following traction, the scoliosis correction rate (CR) ranged from 18.0% to 38.9%, while the kyphosis CR ranged from 14.6% to 37.1%. Following PSF, the scoliosis CR ranged from 24.0% to 58.8%, while the kyphosis CR ranged from 29.1% to 47.4%. The total distraction ranged from 50-70mm. Duration of distraction ranged from 26-95 days. The most common complication encountered during halo-pelvic traction was pin-related e.g. pin tract infection, pin loosening and migration, osteomyelitis, and halo-pelvic strut breakage. No patients had cranial nerve palsies or neurological worsening.
Conclusion: Pre-operative correction of severe PT spinal deformities could be performed safely and effectively with the halo-pelvic device prior to definitive surgery.
Abstract | Reference