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Current Issue - March 2022, Volume 16, Issue No. 1

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Is Elevated Hba1c Level Associated with Achilles Tendon Contracture Development in Diabetic Foot Patient


  1. Pemayun TGD, Naibaho RM. Clinical profile and outcome of diabetic foot ulcer, a view from tertiary care hospital in Semarang, Indonesia. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2017; 8(1): 1312974. doi: 10.1080/2000625X.2017.1312974
  2. Batista F, Nery C, Pinzur M, Monteiro AC, de Souza EF, Felippe FH, et al. Achilles tendinopathy in diabetes mellitus. Foot Ankle Int. 2008; 29(5): 498-501. doi: 10.3113/FAI-2008-0498
  3. Frykberg RG, Bowen J, Hall J, Tallis A, Tierney E, Freeman D. Prevalence of equinus in diabetic versus nondiabetic patients. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2012; 102(2): 84-8. doi: 10.7547/1020084
  4. Ramanujam CL, Zgonis T. Surgical Correction of the Achilles Tendon for Diabetic Foot Ulcerations and Charcot Neuroarthropathy. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2017; 34(2): 275-80. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2016.10.013
  5. Primadhi RA. Susceptibility Factors for Early Reamputation in Diabetic Great Toe Gangrene. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2021; 17(1): 55-62. doi: 10.2174/1573399816666200224100608
  6. Ban CR, Twigg SM. Fibrosis in diabetes complications: pathogenic mechanisms and circulating and urinary markers. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2008; 4(3): 575-96. doi: 10.2147/vhrm.s1991
  7. Canguven O, Talib R, El Ansari W, Khalafalla K, Al Ansari A. Is Hba1c level of diabetic patients associated with penile prosthesis implantation infections? Aging Male. 2018: 1-6. doi: 10.1080/13685538.2018.1448059
  8. Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group, Nathan DM, Genuth S, Lachin J, Cleary P, Crofford O, et al. The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med. 1993; 329(14): 977-86. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199309303291401
  9. Choudhury M, Taylor P, Morgan PH, Duckers J, Lau D, George L, et al. Association between HbA1c and the development of cystic fibrosis-related diabetes. Diabet Med. 2019; 36(10): 1251-5. doi: 10.1111/dme.13912
  10. Vance MC, Tucker JJ, Harness NG. The association of hemoglobin A1c with the prevalence of stenosing flexor tenosynovitis. J Hand Surg Am. 2012; 37(9): 1765-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2012.06.007
  11. Brenner DA. Reversibility of liver fibrosis. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2013; 9(11): 737-9.
  12. Gatt A, Chockalingam N. Assessment of Ankle Joint Dorsiflexion: An overview. RevInt Cienc Podol. 2012; 6(1): 25-9.
  13. Van Gils CC, Roeder B. The effect of ankle equinus upon the diabetic foot. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2002; 19(3): 391-409, vi. doi: 10.1016/s0891-8422(02)00010-1
  14. Florkowski C. HbA1c as a Diagnostic Test for Diabetes Mellitus-Reviewing the Evidence. Clin Biochem Rev. 2013; 34(2): 75- 83.
  15. Goldin A, Beckman JA, Schmidt AM, Creager MA. Advanced glycation end products: sparking the development of diabetic vascular injury. 2006; 114(6): 597-605. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.621854
  16. Agladıoglu K, Akkaya N, Gungor HR, Akkaya S, Ok N, Ozcakar L. Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Elastographic Strain Ratio Measurements of Patellar and Achilles Tendons. J Ultrasound Med. 2016; 35(11): 2431-8. doi: 10.7863/ultra.15.11050
  17. Amis J. The Split Second Effect: The Mechanism of How Equinus Can Damage the Human Foot and Ankle. Front Surg. 2016; 3: 38. doi: 10.3389/fsurg.2016.00038
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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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