Investigation of the Importance of Knee Position during Femoral Tunnel Reaming; Figure 4 versus Hyperflexion
Introduction: We aimed to compare whether the visualisation provided by arthroscopic hyperflexion and Figure 4 has an effect on femoral tunnel placement in patients undergoing single bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR).
Materials and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 93 patients who underwent single-band ACLR for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury between 2016 and 2019. Eighty patients met the inclusion criteria with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. We divided the patients into Group 1 (figure 4) and Group 2 (hyperflexion). We analysed the demographic, radiological and functional outcomes of the patients. The functional Lysholm score, operative time, radiological Quadrant method (% proximal-distal and % anterior-posterior) measurements, tunnel lengths, axial and coronal plane angles, and iatrogenic chondral injury in the medial femoral condyle were evaluated.
Results: Iatrogenic chondral injury developed in the medial femoral condyle in a total of seven patients in both groups: one patient in group 1 (Figure 4) and six patients in group 2 (Hyperflexion). Although statistically insignificant, iatrogenic medial femoral condyle damage was less in group 1. The statistical analysis between surgical operation time (p = 0.046) and tunnel lengths (p = 0.042) was significant.
Conclusion: The position of figure 4 provides visualisation of lateral intercondylar notch better than hyperflexion. In the reaming stage, the medial femoral condyle is less damaged in group 1 (Figure 4). In ACLR, which has a long learning curve, short surgery time is seen as an important advantage for surgeons who have just started doing ACLR. We think that it can be used as an alternative method to hyperflexion in the learning process and maybe shorten the learning curve process.
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