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Current Issue - July 2022, Volume 16, Issue No. 2

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Computed Tomographic Study of Occipital Thickness in Ethnic Malays


  1. Morita T, Takebayashi T, Takashima H, Yoshimoto M, Ida K, Tanimoto M, et al. Mapping occipital bone thickness using computed tomography for safe screw placement. J Neurosurg Spine. 2015; 23(2): 254-8. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.SPINE14624
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  5. Nadim Y, Lu J, Sabry F, Ebraheim N. Occipital screws in occipitocervical fusion and their relation to the venous sinuses: an anatomic and radiographic study. Orthopedics. 2000; 23(7): 717-9. doi: 10.3928/0147-7447-20000701-20
  6. Lee HJ, Choi DY, Shin MH, Kim JT, Kim S, Hong JT. Anatomical feasibility for safe occipital condyle screw fixation. Eur Spine J. 2016; 25(6): 1674-82. doi: 10.1007/s00586-016-4399-2
  7. Uribe JS, Ramos E, Vale F. Feasibility of Occipital Condyle Screw Placement for Occipitocervical Fixation. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2008; 21(8): 540-6. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e31816d655e
  8. Marca FL, Zubay G, Morrison T, Karahalios. Cadaveric study for placement of occipital condyle screws: Technique and effects on surrounding anatomic structures - Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008; 9(4): 347-53. doi: 10.3171/SPI.2008.9.10.347
  9. Le TV, Vivas AC, Baaj AA, Vale FL, Uribe JS. Optimal trajectory for theoccipital condyle screw. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2014; 27(2): 93-97. doi: 10.1097/bsd.0b013e31824e52a6
  10. Roberts DA, Doherty BJ, Heggeness MH. Quantitative anatomy of the occiput and the biomechanics of occipital screw fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998; 23(10): 1100-7; discussion 1107-8. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199805150-00005
  11. Ebraheim NA, Lu J, Biyani A, Brown JA, Yeasting RA. An Anatomic Study of the Thickness of the Occipital Bone. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996; 21(15): 1725-9. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199608010-00002
  12. Adeloye A, Kattan KR, Silverman FN. Thickness of the normal skull in the American blacks and whites. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1975; 43(1): 23-30. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330430105
  13. King NKK, Rajendra T, Ng I, Ng W. A computed tomography morphometric study of occipital bone and C2 pedicle anatomy for occipital-cervical fusion. Surg Neurol Int. 2014; 5(Suppl 7): S380-3. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.139676
  14. Naderi S, Usal C, Tural AN, Korman E, Mertol T, Arda MN. Morphologic and Radiologic Anatomy of the Occipital Bone. J Spinal Disord. 2001; 14(6): 500-3. doi: 10.1097/00002517-200112000-00006
  15. Hertel G, Hirschfelder H. In vivo and in vitro CT analysis of the occiput. Eur Spine J. 1999; 8: 27-33. doi: 10.1007/s005860050123
  16. Zipnick RI, Merola AA, Gorup J, Kunkle K, Shin T, Caruso SA, et al. Occipital Morphology. An anatomic guide to internal fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996; 21(15): 1719-24; discussion 1729-30. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199608010-00001
  17. Yusof MI, Yusof AH, Abdullah MS, Hussin TMAR. Computed Tomographic Evaluation of the Odontoid Process for Two-Screw Fixation in Type-II Fracture: A Malaysian Perspective. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2007; 15(1): 67-72. doi: 10.1177/230949900701500115
  18. Yusof MI, Ming LK, Abdullah MS. Computed tomographic measurement of cervical pedicles for transpedicular fixation in a Malay population. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2007; 15(2): 187-90. doi: 10.1177/230949900701500213
  19. Yusof MI, Ming LK, Abdullah MS, Yusof AH. Computerized Tomographic Measurement of the Cervical Pedicles Diameter in a Malaysian Population and the Feasibility for Transpedicular Fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976.) 2006; 31(8): E221-4. doi: 10.1097/01.brs.0000210263.87578.65
  20. Hilmani S, Trezor N, Amzil R, Kacimi O, Azhari AE. Computed Tomographic Morphometric Study of the Occipital Bone Thickness in 100 Adult, Moroccan Patients. J Spine. 2016; 5(5): 338. doi: 10.4172/2165-7939.1000338
  21. Ji W, Lin S, Bao M, Zou X, Ge S, Ma X, et al. Anatomical analysis of the occipital bone in patients with basilar invagination: a computed tomography-based study. Spine J. 2020; 20(6): 866-73. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2020.01.005
  22. Lillie EM, Urban JE, Lynch SK, Weaver AA, Stitzel JD. Evaluation of Skull Cortical Thickness Changes With Age and Sex From Computed Tomography Scans. J Bone Miner Res. 2016; 31(2): 299-307. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.2613

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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