Comparison of Anterior and Lateral Approach in Hip Hemiarthroplasty for Femur Neck Fractures in the Elderly: Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes
Introduction: Many surgical approaches have been described for hip hemiarthroplasty (HHA) treating femur neck fractures (FNFs). Direct lateral approach (DLA) is one of the most used. Today, the direct anterior approach (DAA) has become very attractive, but it seems to involve more intra-operative fractures. Our main endpoint was to demonstrate that the DAA may be a valid alternative comparing to the DLA.
Materials and methods: Patients affected by FNFs and treated with HHA between the years 2016 and 2020 were studied. We divided the treatment of the fractures according to the surgical approach. The analysis was focused on perioperative complications and radiological outcomes.
Results: There were a total of 166 patients. The DLA group included patients with an average age of 83.5 years and the DAA group of 83 years. We found similar surgical times (DLA 67 min vs DAA 61 min; p = 0,55), number of transfusions (DLA 3/person vs DAA 4/person; p = 0,91), perioperative complications (fractures: DLA 0 vs DAA 0 – dislocations: DLA 2,50% vs DAA 0) and functional outcomes (HHS: DLA 83 points vs DAA 87 points; p = 0,71). There were no statistical differences comparing diaphyseal filling (Canal Fill Index at the proximal third: DLA 0,79 vs DAA 0,78; p= 0,24), bone loss (Paprosky I: DLA 96,25% vs DAA 91,86%; p = 0,47) and prevalence of heterotopic ossification (Broker low degree: DLA 93,75% vs 95, 34%; p = 0,87).
Conclusion: Analysing perioperative complications and studying post-operative radiographic evolution, our results suggest that the DAA is a valid alternative to the DLA in HHA treating FNFs.
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