Fracture Liaison Service and Its Role in Secondary Fracture Prevention in Malaysia: A Scoping Review
Introduction: Fragility fractures, which occur after a low-trauma injury, increases with advancing age. Such fracture doubles the life-time risk of sustaining another fracture. This risk is highest in the immediate 18 months after the index fracture. However, most patients do not receive the appropriate risk assessment and intervention to reduce this risk. A coordinated model of care termed Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) has been reported to address this treatment gap.
Materials and methods: This scoping review aims to explore the potential role and delivery of FLS services in Malaysia. Scientific and non-scientific sources relevant to FLS were identified from electronic bibliographic databases, specialist journals and relevant websites. Findings were categorised into themes and presented narratively.
Results: FLS services remain concentrated in the Klang Valley. Even within FLS services, many do not have extensive coverage to risk assess all fracture patients. These services are multidisciplinary in nature where there are links between different departments, such as orthopaedics, osteoporosis expertise, bone densitometry, rehabilitation, falls services and primary care. FLS was able to increase the number of people undergoing fracture risk assessment and treatment. The importance of FLS was highlighted by local experts and stakeholders. Its implementation and delivery are supported by a number of national guidelines.
Conclusion: FLS is central to our national efforts to reduce the impending fragility fracture crisis in the coming years. Continued effort is needed to increase coverage within FLS services and across the country. Training, awareness of the problem, research, and policy change will support this endeavour.
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